Border Collie Breed History and Origins
The Border Collie breed originated from landrace collies, an ubiquitous type found mainly along the British Isles. Many years ago, the first known origin of the Border Collie emerged from the border country shared between England and Scotland, hence the name. The original purpose was for them to work alongside sheep ranchers. In the year 1915, the term “Border Collie” was coined by James Reid, and served to distinguish the Border Collie breed from the Scotch Collie breed, as registered by the ISDS. Still, they are quite old as a breed, appearing in literature from as far back as the 16th century.
Border Collie Breed Characteristics
Border Collie breeders have been breeding this type of dogs for working purposes, and for its intelligence. They are very athletic, medium-sized dogs. Border Collies will always require significant daily exercise to remain contented and healthy. They have a smooth, medium-thick coat, and an undercoat resistant to water. Shedding is minimal. They’re long in body type, usually lean, with wide heads. Eyes color is most commonly dark brown, but they may also be amber and blue; in the case of Merle types, each eye can differ. The Border Collie breed is renowned for patience, desire to please their owners, herding prowess, impressive intelligence, learning aptitude, quite large stamina capacity, and their unyielding work ethic.
Males of the Border Collie breed are an average of 20 inches (50.8 cm). Females are 18 inches (45.72 cm) on average. Males will weigh in at about 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg). Females will weigh closer to 27-38 pounds (12-17kg). A good common denominator of the life expectancy for the Border Collie is about 9-15 years, 12 on average; some have lived for up to 18 years, however. Depending upon the genetics of each dog, one can reasonably expect a litter to yield 6-8 Border Collie puppies.
Border Collie Temperament
An owner should have previous experience before adopting, as Border Collie obedience training is necessary. Due to the herding instinct of the Border Collie breed, children under twelve should not be around them. During situations where the child is playing or running, the Border Collie may want to bite or impose itself on the child to keep activity limited. They will always have a desire for activity. If the activity levels of the Border Collie become stagnant, it may act out neurotically to its environment, often to an obsessive and destructive end. Boredom can result in herding almost everything moving, including bugs, other pets, and even the vacuum. Despite their intelligence, they have a slow-developing maturity level. The Border Collie may exhibit puppy behavior well into its seniority. The most important things to them are usually affection and being in the spotlight.
Border Collie Grooming
When dealing with the Border Collie breed, due to their medium-to-long coats, the owner needs to groom at least once a week. This includes combing and brushing thoroughly. Brushing about 2-3 times each week is recommended, as it will give the coat a healthy, neater look. During shedding season, the owner may wish to do it more frequently to keep the minimal shedding that Border Collies do have out of carpets and furniture. Occasionally the owner should bathe it and trim toenails. They are rather low maintenance.